Our experience with Beira-Rio Stadium renovation for the World Cup was a huge task that spanned a total of almost 8 years in the making. Conceptual design started on November 8th 2006 and the first match at the newly renovated stadium took place on April 6th 2014, with the World Cup matches being played two months later, in June 2014. Hype Studio has been present (designing and on site) throughout the entire process. The client, only the soccer Club for most of the first year, soon evolved to become a party of four: the Club, the City Government, the Local Organizing Committee and FIFA itself. Besides the club’s needs and FIFA’s technical books, design technical requirements were constantly evolving, with new information arriving from Zurich every 6 months or so, sometimes changing midway.
Beira-Rio Stadium has been home for Sport Club Internacional since 1969. Construction began in 1961, reclaiming land on Lake Guaíba to create the site where the stadium would be built. In 1965, with the land reclamation finished, construction of the Stadium itself began. The fi rst match took place on April 6th 1969. Since that day, Beira-Rio has witnessed the greatest moments of the club’s history. In the early days, Beira-Rio hosted over 90,000 spectators, with a record attendance of 115,000 in 1972. Following current standards of safety and comfort, the Stadium’s capacity was reduced over the years to 54,000 people in the early 2000s.
Hype Studio Architecture was invited by Sport Club Internacional to design a roof for Beira-Rio stadium. Within the first month of work, Hype Studio architects realized that only covering Beira-Rio would not be enough, considering the stadium was almost 40 years old - and the lack of infrastructure, safety and comfort was very clear. We reached the same conclusion regarding the surroundings of Beira-Rio Complex: a big urban void located in a prime area of Porto Alegre - between the city’s Historical Centre and the Southern District, right by Santa Teresa Hills and Lake Guaíba.
On April 2nd 2007 - the day scheduled to present to the Club’s Board the new Roof project - Hype Studio presented not only the new Roof design, but a full Stadium Renovation Project. The project called for the demolition and rebuilding of the lower tier (with larger steps and closer to the playing field), stores, a new museum, restaurants, an entire level of corporate suites, new VIP areas and lounge areas, among other items that would make Beira-Rio completely new for the 21st century – renewed, modern, comfortable and safe, turned into a 51,000 all seater Stadium. We also presented an urban Master Plan for the surrounding area, with a garage building, a hotel, commercial buildings, and a convention center. The project was so well received that one month later it was presented to Brazil’s Sports Minister and in August 2007, Hype Studio presented the project to FIFA, accrediting Beira-Rio to be the stadium in Porto Alegre to host the 2014 World Cup.
The new roof was designed as a modular structure, made of 65 steel trusses that overhang 44 meters above the stadium bowl. The girders were pre-assembled outside the stadium. The roof is covered with a PTFE membrane. The stadium’s location is a key element for sustainability, being in the middle of Porto Alegre’s urban area, with easy access through public transportation or even by walking. The stadium is also LEED Silver certified.
Due to a series of delays - mainly problems with funding and contract negotiations between the Club and the construction company (Andrade Gutierrez) that took over a year – the construction, at first scheduled to happen between January 2011 and February 2014, only commenced on March 2012. With the loss of over a year, all the work had to speed up. On site construction meetings were held on a daily basis - after all, we were working upon a 90,000 square meters existing structure and the deadline couldn’t be delayed (it was a worldwide event scheduled for June 2014).
The stadium was officially reopened on April 6th 2014 (exactly 45 years after its first match) and hosted five World Cup matches (France vs Honduras, Australia vs Netherlands, South Korea vs Argelia, Argentina vs Nigeria and Germany vs Argelia).
Foto: Gustavo Geyer
Foto: Rodolpho Reis
Foto: Marcos Nagelstein
Foto: Hype Studio
LOCATION | Porto Alegre - RS
AREA | 968.750 sq ft (Stadium) + 807.300 sq ft (Garage Building)
PROJECT | 2006-2010
CONSTRUCTION | 2010-2014
CLIENT | S.C. Internacional
STATUS | Built
Architectural Project | Hype Studio Arquitetura (autoria) – Arq. Fernando Balvedi, Arq. Gabriel Garcia, Arq. Maurício Santos (authors)
Executive Project | Santini e Rocha Arquitetos – Arq. Cícero Santini, Arq. Luis Felipe Duarte
Structural Project (Steel, Concrete and Foudations) | Simon Engenharia – Eng. Charles Simon, Eng. Luiz Eduardo Pillar
Electrical Project | FB Assessoria e Projetos – Eng. Renato Porto
Hidrosanitary Project | FB Assessoria e Projetos – Eng. Fernanda Borsatto
Climatization Project | Sistema Engenharia – Eng. Sergio Gobatto e Eng. Joao Henrique Kirsten
Automation and Special Systems Project | Jugend Controle Predial – Eng. Eduardo Wojciechowski
Fire Prevention Project | Combat – Eng. Luciano Ramos Fávero e Roger Fernandes e Silva
Technical Lighting Project | Peter Gasper Lighting Design – Peter Gasper e Arq. Paulo Koch
LEED Certification | CTE Consultoria – Arq. Myriam Tschiptschin
Environmental Impact Report | MRS Ambiental – Adriana Trojan
Field Game (Consultant) | Eng. Maristela Kuhn
Traffic Impact Study | Matricial Engenharia – Eng. André Bresolin
Crowd Flow Study | Logit Consultoria
Wind Tunnel Trial | LAC-UFRGS (Laboratório de Aerodinâmica das Construções)
Tensioned Membrane PTFE (Techinical Consultant) | Birdair Inc.
Tensioned Membrane PTFE (Executive Project) | Hightex
Construction | Construtora Andrade Gutierrez SA
Photos | Marcos Nagelstein, Hype Studio, Gustavo Geyer, AP, Rodolpho Reis e Leonardo Finotti (not specified)